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Systematic Reviews

A guide directing researchers on the systematic review process. Layout based on Doing a Systematic Review: A Student's Guide, 2nd Edition, by Angela Boland, M. Gemma Cherry, and Rumona Dickson.

references header


list of references

Armstrong, R., Jackson, N., Doyle, J.,  Waters, E., & Howes, F. (2005). It’s in your hands: The value of handsearching in conducting systematic reviews of public health interventions. Journal of Public Health, 27(4), 388–391,

Boland, A., Cherry, M.G., & Dickson, R. (Eds.). (2017). Doing a systematic review: A student's guide, 2nd edition. SAGE Publishing.

Booth, A. (2006). Clear and present questions: Formulating questions for evidence based practice. Library Hi Tech, 24(3), 355-368.

Cooke, A., Smith, D., & Booth, A. (2012). Beyond PICO: The SPIDER tool for qualitative evidence synthesis. Qualitative Health Research, 22(10), 1435–1443.

Eden, J., Levit, L., Berg, A., & Morton, S. (Eds.). (2011). Finding what works in health care: Standards for systematic reviews. Institute of Medicine. The National Academies Press.

Grant, M. J., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: An analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information and Libraries Journal26(2), 91–108.

Kastner, M., Straus, S., & Goldsmith, C. H. (2007). Estimating the Horizon of articles to decide when to stop searching in systematic reviews: An example using a systematic review of RCTs evaluating osteoporosis clinical decision support tools. AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings, 389–393. Accessed from

Kwon, Y., Lemieux, M., McTavish, J., & Wathen, N. (2015). Identifying and removing duplicate records from systematic review searches. Journal of the Medical Library Association103(4), 184–188.

Page, M. J., McKenzie, J. E., Bossuyt, P. M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T. C., Mulrow, C. D., . . . Moher, D. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: An updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. British Medical Journal, 372, n71.

Shea, B.J., Reeves, B.C., Wells, G., Thuku, M., Hamel, C., Moran, J., Moher, D., Tugwell, P., Welch, V., Kristjansson, E., Henry, D.A. (2017). AMSTAR 2: A critical appraisal tool for systematic reviews that include randomised or non-randomised studies of healthcare interventions, or both. British Medical Journal, 358, j4008.

Stroup, D.F., Berlin, J.A., Morton, S.C., Olkin, I., Williamson, G.D., Rennie, D., Moher, D., Becker, B.J., Sipe, T.A., & Thacker, S.B. (2013). Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology: A proposal for reporting. JAMA, 283(15), 2008-2012.