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Human Trafficking: Types of Human Trafficking

Five images depicting ordinary people from different races, cultures, and age groups.

Labor Trafficking

Labor trafficking is the force, fraud, or coercion of individuals to involuntarily work or provide services.


Top Venues and Industries for Labor Trafficking in 2017

  1. Domestic Work
  2. Agriculture
  3. Traveling Sales Crews
  4. Restaurants/Food Service
  5. Begging Rings

Top Recruitment Tactics Utilized by Labor Traffickers 

  • Job Offer 
  • False Promises/Fraud 
  • Familial 
  • Smuggling Fraud or Coercion 
  • Posing as a Benefactor 

Sex Trafficking

Sex trafficking is the force, fraud, or coercion of adults to engage in commercial sex.
The sexual exploitation of minors is considered sex trafficking regardless of consent. 


Top Venues and Industries for Sex Trafficking in 2017

  1. Illicit Massage Businesses
  2. Hotel or Motel-Based 
  3. Online Advertisements 
  4. Residence-Based Commercial Sex
  5. Escort Services

Top Recruitment Tactics Utilized by Sex Traffickers 

  • Intimate Partner or Marriage Proposition 
  • Familial
  • Posing as a Benefactor 
  • False Promises or Fraud
  • Job Offer