Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the circumstances of an individual's disposition. These conditions begin at birth and continue to persist as we grow and age. External influences impact these determinants outside of an individual's control (in positive or negative ways). Some examples of external influences include money, power, and the presence of local resources or support systems. Depending on these conditions, some may be at more of an advantage than others. This can lead to health inequities and avoidable differences in health.
Infographic by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Source: CDC
These examples can influence health in positive and negative ways:
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Health disparities are, in essence, disproportionate instances of health issues to a group of people on the basis of social, economic, or physical disadvantage. How this manifests can depend on situational factors including (but not limited to):
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Populations that may be at higher risk of health disparities could show difference in health quality on the basis of:
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