To address the women's health gap in medical research, the National Institute of Health (NIH) introduced a policy in 2016 that requires studies to consider sex as a biological variable (SABV) to be eligible for NIH funding. The policy encourages researchers to include female subjects (human, animal, or cell) or provide strong evidence explaining why the study needs to focus only on one sex.
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For in-depth information about the NIH's policies on SABV and inclusion in research, you can read more on the NIH's website.
Since the NIH's publication regarding SABV, "sex as a biological variable" has become a popular key phrase within the literature. Articles discussing the implementation of the SABV policy will commonly use this phrase and its acronym while studies researching sex differences use the phrase along with the proper subject headings and search terms related to their specific topic.
|"Sex as a biological variable" OR SABV||Sex Characteristics||Sex Factors||Keep in mind that SABV is an acronym that may be used to refer to other concepts in different contexts and may return some nonrelevant results.|
|NIH policy||National Institutes of Health (U.S.)||National Institutes of Health (U.S.)||Try pairing NIH policy search terms with terms form your area of interest to find studies focused on a specific initiative.|
|Animal studies or Animal research||Animal Experimentation||Animal studies||Some databases like PsychInfo will allow you to filter your search by study population where you can select for animal studies after you run your search.|
|Cell studies||Cells||Cells||Cell studies are so common place in biological research that using key search terms for "cell studies" to find discussion surrounding their use may be more effective than subject headings.|
Click on the highlighted links to see the search or copy and paste this search into the suggested database.
Embase: ('sex as a biological variable' OR sabv) AND 'animal study'/exp