Learn the Basics
Just three months after his election as pope, John XXIII announced his intention to call an ecumenical council for the renewing or "updating" of the Church.
This, the Second Vatican Council, was held in four sessions during the years 1962 through 1965. According to the Dictionary of the Ecumenical Movement, the issues discussed and debated by the Council included "divine revelation, the church, the liturgy, bishops' pastoral office, the ministry and life of priests, priestly formation, the laity, Christian education, religious life, Eastern Catholic churches, the church in the modern world, missionary activity, ecumenism, non-christian religions, religious freedom, and the communciations media" (p. 1189).
In 1963, Pope John died, so according to canon law, the Council was suspended. But Paul VI, John's successor, announced that the Council should continue.
The results of the Vatican II deliberations were 16 documents, the ideas from which have effected every aspect of faith and practice in the Roman Catholic Church. Again, according to the Dictionary of the Ecumenical Movement, "Without taking account of the debates and resolutions of Vatican II, it is impossible to understand the modern Roman Catholic Church" (p. 1189).
This research guide will connect the researcher to many types of resources available through the Gumberg Library and on the web pertaining to this important council that reshaped the Roman Catholic Church for the modern world.
The Documents of Vatican II
The immediate products of the Second Vatican Council were a series of 16 very important constitutions, declarations, and decrees. To see the documents in the original Latin and in many other languages, click here.
Lumen Gentium (Dogmatic Constitution on the Church)
Dei Verbum (Dogmatic Constitution of Divine Revelation)
Sacrosanctum Concilium (Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy)
Gaudium et Spes (Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World)
Inter Mirifica (Decree on the Instruments of Social Communication)
Unitatis Redintegratio (Decree on Ecumenism)
Christus Dominus (Decree on the Bishop's Pastoral Office in the Church)
Optatam Totius (Decree on Priestly Formation)
Perfectae Caritatis (Decree on the Appropriate Renewal of Religious Life)
Apostolicam Actuositatem ( Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity)
Presbyterorum Ordinis (Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests)
Ad Gentes (Decree on the Church's Missionary Activity)
Gravissimum Educationis (Declaration on Christian Education)
Nostra Aetate (Declaration on the Relationship of the Church to Non-Christians)
Dignitatis Humanae (Declaration on Religious Freedom)
Orientalium Eccleiarum (Decree on the Eastern Catholic Church)
The introductory text is based on these sources:
Stransky, Tom. "Vatican II (1962-1965)." Dictionary of the Ecumenical Movement, 2nd ed. Ed.Nicholas Lossky, Jose Migues Bonino, John Pobee, Tom F. Stransky, Geoffrey Wainwright and Pauline Webb. Geneva: WCC Publications, 2002. 1188-1189. Print.
"Vatican Council II." OSV's Encyclopedia of Catholic History, Revised edition. Ed. Matthew Bunson. Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division, 2004.942-945. Print.