Privacy is "freedom from damaging publicity, public scrutiny, secret surveillance, or unauthorized disclosure of one’s personal data or information, as by a government, corporation, or individual." - Dictionary.com
International Justice and Privacy graphic created by Hugh D'Andrade for the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 3.0.
The GDPR, effective May 2018, sets regulations for businesses and how they use personal data. While these regulations only apply to the European Union, many companies have changed their policies worldwide.
"These reports describe the data protection laws of the European Union and of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. They describe the legal framework for the collection, use, and transfer of data, and examine whether existing laws are adequate to deal with online privacy in an era of rapid technological development and globalization."
A list of international accords related to privacy that serve as the foundation for national laws, policy frameworks, and international agreements throughout the world compiled by the Electronic Frontier Foundation.