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Japanese American Internment: Start Here

Over 100,000 Japanese Americans were forced into relocation centers in the U.S. during WWII.

Photo of Evacuation order which reads "Instructions to all persons of Japanese ancestry"

An official evacuation order issued on April 1, 1942 in San Francisco, CA.

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This guide is intended to provide users with resources on the Japanese American internment in the United States during World War II. In 1942, President Roosevelt authorized the deportation of over 120,000¹ mainland Japanese Americans to assembly centers and internment camps. Japanese American citizens were forced to live in these internment camps until the closing of Tule Lake, the final segregation center, in 1946.²

Books offered in the Gumberg library catalog, accessible research articles and databases, as well as the primary research documents that help teach on this subject will be featured in this guide.

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A black-and-white photograph of Japanese Americans in front of notices about the internment order

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Learn more through our Gumberg guides:

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All photos are within the Public Domain unless otherwise noted.