Many databases include grey literature in addition to traditional literature, but may not index materials in a way that makes them searchable by a filter. The following databases use filters to limit by content types such as conference proceedings, dissertations, and government documents. Keep in mind - other databases aside from those listed may contain grey literature, so it is still useful to include them in your search.
Check out the Databases A-Z List to see what's available.
If you have any questions, feel free to Ask Gumberg for assistance.
The following resources are not Duquesne-specific, but are openly accessible to the public for help in finding grey literature.
Pre-print servers provide open access to articles that have not been peer reviewed or submitted for scholarly publication. In addition to being accessible at the domains listed below, pre-prints are now searchable in databases using the "Publication Type" filter.
Note: Embase now includes results from bioRxiv and medRxiv when searching!
Google offers an Advanced Search option where certain limiters can be used to locate grey literature.
With these specifiers, authors can narrow down a Google search from millions of results down to more reasonable and accurate numbers. See the image below for where to apply these limiters.
As mentioned prior, one of the many forms of grey literature includes conference materials or presentations. These resources can be found in many places including databases as well as online via the conference host's website. See below for more information on these pathways.
Several of the aforementioned databases specifically offer grey literature in the form of conference materials.
For some databases, researchers can narrow search results by material type. Depending on the database, the language used may vary. Conference materials could be listed as:
Some conference papers or proceedings may be published or made publicly available freely on the Internet from their own website. Authors should look into past conference proceedings from relevant affiliate organizations in order to become aware of any unpublished presentations or papers written on the subject.
For example, the American Psychological Association hosts annual research conferences by region. Each region makes their conference proceedings available online following the event on their individual websites. The Eastern Psychological Association has a dropdown list where, under Annual Meetings, programs from Past Meetings are accessible. (See below).
However, not every organization may do this or have clear designation of past conferences on their websites. It can also be helpful to use a search engine like Google to search for past conference programs if they're not easy to find on an organizational website.
The two pathways to finding conference programs listed above only begin to cover the numerous online rabbit holes where conference information could live. Iowa State University has an excellent resource available on how to find conference proceedings available here. The tab of "How are They Made Available?" outlines even more ways that conference materials can be categorized or buried.
As always, in addition to this resource, you can contact a librarian for any questions or help in finding conference papers.