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Citing Your Sources

Citation Styles

APA Style, 7th Edition

APA 7 Help page - Gumberg's help page. The American Psychology Association (APA) Style is primarily used for citing sources within psychology, nursing, education, business, and social work. 

Academic Writer - APA's official guide and learning center.

Duquesne University's Writing Center has created handouts to assist you with citing sources in-text and in bibliographies

APA Style, 6th Edition

APA 6 Help page - Gumberg's help page for using and citing with APA Style, 6th edition.

MLA Style, 8th Edition

MLA 8 Help Page - Gumberg's help page. The Modern Language Association (MLA) Style is primarily used for citing sources within the liberal arts and humanities.

MLA 8 Official Homepage - MLA's official guide.

Duquesne University's Writing Center has created handouts to assist you with citing sources in-text and in bibliographies.

AMA Style, 11th Edition

AMA Help Page - Gumberg's help page. The American Medical Association (AMA) Style is primarily used for citing sources within the medical sciences.

AMA Official page - AMA's official guide.

Duquesne University's Writing Center has created handouts to assist you with citing sources in-text and in bibliographies.

Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago Manual of Style Online - Chicago Manual of Style's official guide.

The Chicago Manual of Style has two systems to choose from. Duquesne University's Writing Center has created handouts to assist you with each system.

Notes system (preferred by writers in the humanities):

Author-Date system (preferred by writers in social sciences):