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Socrates: A Research Guide: Home

This fundamental philosopher never wrote a thing. Who is he, really? And what did he really say?

picture

"The Death of Socrates" by Mark Antokolski, 1875. Hermitage Museum. Photo by Alex Bakharev. Public domain. Wikimedia Commons

Primary Source Databases

Primary Source Databases

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Intro and basic articles

Welcome to this Gumberg Library research guide on the quintessential philosopher, Socrates. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy says this about Socrates (469-399 BCE): [He] is one of the few individuals whom one could say has so-shaped the cultural and intellectual development of the world that, without him, history would be profoundly different.  He is best known for his association with the Socratic method of question and answer, his claim that he was ignorant (or aware of his own absence of knowledge), and his claim that the unexamined life is not worth living, for human beings. He was the inspiration for Plato, the thinker widely held to be the founder of the Western philosophical tradition.  Plato in turn served as the teacher of Aristotle, thus establishing the famous triad of ancient philosophers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. [To read the rest of the article click the first link below.]

This guide is designed to quickly connect the researcher with materials on Socrates available at the Gumberg Library.

Learn the Basics

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Selected Introductory Books

Additional Reference Works