There are numerous formats that can be used to cite sources. Most of the time undergraduates at Duquesne will find themselves needing to use one of three:
When we speak of citing, two things are meant. The first is citing within the text of a paper, either by using parenthetical references, or footnotes. The second is providing complete bibliographic information for your sources in a bibliography (also known as a Works Cited page or Reference list).
The Duquesne University Writing Center has created very helpful guides to assist you with citing in-text and in bibliographies in MLA, APA, and Chicago Manual of Style. PDFs of these documents are available below.
APA (6th edition): In-text and Reference List
Chicago, notes and bibliography (16th edition): In-text and Bibliography
Chicago, author-date (16th edition): In-text and Bibliography
MLA (7th): In-text and Works Cited