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Two Popes: Two Saints: Home

Saint John XXIII

St. John XXIII

Related DU Research Guides


Celebrating the Canonization of

Ss. John XXIII and John Paul II

On April 27, 2014, Divine Mercy Sunday, Pope Francis canonized two of the most influential popes of modern times, John XXIII and John Paul II. Retired Pope Benedict XVI was in attendance. This day has been called the "Day of Four Popes," because it was the first time in the history of the Church that two popes were made saints in the same day, with two living popes taking part in the mass and ceremony.

Pope John XXIII was the main architect of the Second Vatican Council and the wide-ranging changes in all aspects of the Church that it brought about. Pope John Paul II was the most-traveled pope in history as he sought to bring the Gospel to the far-corners of the world. The first Polish pope, he also played an important role in the fall of the Soviet Union.

This research guide is designed to help Duquesne University students, faculty, and staff learn more about these two remarkable men.  If you are off-campus, when you click on some of the links you will be asked to enter your Multipass username and password in order to see the content.

Homily of Pope Francis

Video of the Canonization Mass, April 27, 2014 

Photo Gallery (from the Vatican website)

Articles on the Canonization from L'Osservatore Romano (official newspaper of the Vatican)

News Report, from the Catholic News Service

Appreciations of Pope John XXIII & Pope John Paul II (United States Conference of Catholic Bishops)

"Canonization of Saints (History and Procedure)", from the New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd edition

"Saints and Beati", from the New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd edition

Picture credits

Image of St. John XXIII:

Photo of St. John Paul II:

Saint John Paul II

St. John Paul II


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