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Psychology Resources: Citation


Greek letter "Psi" - Symbol for Psychology

Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons

Citing Your Sources

While there are numerous citation styles, the one created by the American Psychological Association is the standard format for psychology. It is contained in the

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition

A copy of this is always available for in-library use at the Reference Desk on th 4th floor of the Gumberg Library.

When we speak of citing, two things are meant. The first is citing within the text of a paper, either by using parenthetical references, or footnotes. (APA format does not use footnotes, rather it employs parenthetical references.) The second is providing complete bibliographic information for your sources in a bibliography (or "reference list" as it is called in APA format).

The Duquesne University Writing Center has created very helpful guides to assist you with the basics regarding citing in-text and in reference lists in APA format. PDFs of these documents are available below.

 APA (6th edition): In-text and Reference List

Other APA Citation Helps

The Gumberg Library has also created a document that compares MLA and APA formats and gives more in-depth information on using them in bibliographies than does the DU Writing Center's "Reference List" document in the box above.