The Hindemith collection consists of letters, postcards, pamphlets, musical scores, programs, newspapers, photographs, books, a puzzle, and a piece of a desk. The earliest date in the collection is 1881, however the majority of the collection ranges from 1943-1964.
Paul Hindemith was attended the Hochsche Konservatorium in Frankfurt where he studied music and composition. In 1929, he founded the Amar Quartet where he played the viola, and toured all over Europe. He was not well liked in his home country of Germany. The Nazis deemed his music degenerate and Joseph Goebbels denounced his work on December 6, 1934. This publicity made anti-Nazi states start to support him. He traveled in 1935 to Turkey to reorganize the music education system and prepared the material for the "Universal and Turkish Polyphonic Music Education Programme" for all music related institutions in Turkey.
In 1940 he immigrated with his wife to the United States, as while he was not Jewish, she was. He taught at Yale University and held the Charles Eliot Norton Chair at Harvard. While he became a United State citizen in 1946, by 1953 he had returned to Europe and taught University in Zurich. In 1962 he won the Balzan Prize.
He died December 28th, 1963 in Frankfurt from acute pancreatitis.