Skip to main content
Duquesne Home Library Home Ask a Librarian Research Databases QuickSearch E-Z Borrow Course Reserves ILLiad Library Hours Citation Management Renew Materials

ETD Preparation & Submission: Guidelines for Graduate Students: Citation

Electronic Theses & Dissertations (ETD) LibGuide

Citation Guide

Check out the Gumberg Library Citation Guide for in-depth information about common citation styles.

Choose Your Citation Style

The official online version of the AMA Manual of Style offers a searchable interface as well as a chapter layout.


Other resources:

APA Style CENTRAL logoAPA Style CENTRAL is the official online guide to APA Style. Use the "Learn" tab at the top of the page to access guides, tutorials, sample references, and official documentation from the APA Publication Manual.


Other resources:

This flowchart published by the APA can help you to decide when to use a DOI versus a URL in citations:

The official online version of the Chicago Manual of Style includes a searchable version of the manual's text as well as a Q&A section and Quick Guides. Suitable for both Notes and Bibliography and Author-Date styles.


Other resources:

"The Vancouver Style is the citation style used by most biomedical journals and many scientific journals. It is also known as the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals." - Vancouver Community College Library

Loading ...

Duqusne Writing Center

Duquesne's Writing Center can help with editing and citations!


Contact the Digital Scholarship Librarian or visit our FAQ page!


See this guide for using EndNote to manage your citations with Mac and Windows.

Help sessions are offered throughout the year in the library.

Other Citation Tools

citation management software

Citation ManagementThese tools help you organize references and create bibliographies.