Funding agencies are beginning to require the submission of data management plans (DMPs) as part of grant applications. Although many funders have unique requirements for the information included in a DMP, this guide will help you to understand and address most common requirements.
DMPs describe the lifecycle of your data: how it will be created, curated, preserved, and (if possible) shared. Funders--particularly government agencies--are conscious of the importance of making research and underlying data available. In some cases, if you do not plan to share your data, you will need to justify that decision in your grant application.
Remember to include data management costs in your grant application! DataONE has provided guidance on how to calculate these costs.
Data management plans typically include information about how data will be documented and contextualized. Determining strategies for managing data will not only help with the completion of the grant application, but will also be beneficial to the researcher or research team. Creating robust metadata, establishing file naming conventions, and paying attention to file formats will ensure that data remains retrievable and intelligible throughout the life of the project and beyond.
File naming conventions
It's easy to create bad filenames. When you're working with data comprised of multiple files, it is integral to name files descriptively and consistently.
Tips for creating descriptive and consistent filenames:
Metadata: data about your data
Metadata describes and provides context for your data. It can also help others find your data. The following links provide guidance on creating metadata, or you can ask a librarian for help.
Most software programs have a default file output format. However, it is important to consider whether those files will be accessible using other programs in the future.
Here are some things to consider when choosing a file format:
Make sure to keep your data safe from disaster (everything from fire to water damage to hard drive crashes) by saving your data in at least three different places. You may want to consider saving your data in the cloud, on an external drive, and on external media (like discs) as well.
Also make sure you protect any sensitive data from hackers or theft. Lock filing cabinets, use encryption, and password protect sensitive information.
Sharing data (as long as it is not sensitive or confidential) helps to ensure new discoveries. Your data will also be cited, which may increase your scholarly profile. If you'd like to upload your data to a repository, you can select a general repository (like figshare), or a discipline-specific one like the Archaeology Data Service. Find information about trusted repositories by discipline or view more repositories here.
Before sharing your data, you should consider how you would like to license your data. Columbia University has much more information on data licensing and copyright.