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Ireland: The Land of Saints and Scholars

A brief guide to to some of Ireland's most well known people and literature.

Irish Scientists

  • Robert Boyle (1627-1691) One of the founders of modern Chemistry.
  • George Boole (1815-1864) Mathematician and logician. Created Boolean algebra. Attempted to describe human thought process.
  • Kathleen Lonsdale (1903-1971) Chemist. Demonstrated benzene ring is flat. Worked in X-ray crystallography. First woman elected to Fellowship of Royal Society, 1945.
  • William Thompson, the Lord Kelvin (1824-1907) Physicist, mostly studied thermodynamics. Created Kelvin scale of temperature. Major contributor to development of Second Law of Thermodynamics (conservation of energy). Major influence on James Clerk Maxwell.
  • John Tyndall (1820-1893) Naturalist and inventor. Explained why the sky is blue: the “Tyndall Effect”. Studied many aspects of atmospherics.

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