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Modern Languages and Literatures: Reference Tools

A guide to resources for research in Modern Languages & Literatures.

What is a Reference Tool?

Materials which are referred to for concise overviews of a topic.

These often include a bibliography which can serve as a starting list for sources for your project. Examples include:


  • Background or overview synopses (encyclopedia)
  • Definitions (dictionary)
  • Synonyms (thesaurus)
  • Statistics
  • Biographical Details
  • Maps (atlas)

In Gumberg Library, we have both print and electronic reference tools available for your use.

Other helpful guides

For more help, check out these guides put together by our Librarians!

Electronic Reference Collections

Can't get to the library?

You can also access our electronic reference materials including encyclopedias and dictionaries through the links below.

Print Reference Books

We have a number of print encyclopedias and dictionaries in the collection. You can locate specific titles using QuickSearch.

Country Information

Use these websites to find country profiles and demographic information.

Global Data Sets

Use these websites to find global statistics and other datasets.