There are different citation styles (ex: APA, MLA) that can be used to cite sources and format papers. Two of the most common citation styles are:
The Duquesne University Writing Center has created many helpful guides to assist you with creating in-text citations and citations for your list of references for many different citation styles.
Citation styles mandate certain formatting, word choice, punctuation, capitalization etc. If you are submitting for publication, you will want to be familiar with these rules. The following books are located at the Gumberg Library Reference Desk:
The Gumberg Library has also created a document that compares MLA and APA formats and gives more in-depth information on using them in bibliographies than does the DU Writing Center's "Reference List" document in the box above.
While there are numerous citation styles, the one created by the American Psychological Association is the standard format for psychology. It is contained in the
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition
A copy of this is always available for in-library use at the Reference Desk on th 4th floor of the Gumberg Library.
When we speak of citing, two things are meant. The first is citing within the text of a paper, either by using parenthetical references, or footnotes. (APA format does not use footnotes, rather it employs parenthetical references.) The second is providing complete bibliographic information for your sources in a bibliography (or "reference list" as it is called in APA format).
The Duquesne University Writing Center has created very helpful guides to assist you with the basics regarding citing in-text and in reference lists in APA format. PDFs of these documents are available below.