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APA Citation Help: Creating a Reference List

Reference List Examples

This page provides examples for APA-style Reference List citations with various materials that you may encounter throughout your research process. Each reference will provide the formatting and an example.

The examples on this page were taken from the APA Manual, 6th Edition.


Books (Print): One Author

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of the work. Location: Publisher.

Shotton, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer decency. 

London, England: Taylor & Francis.

Books (Print): Two Authors

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of the work. Location: Publisher.

​Rosellini, G. & Worden, M. (2010). Of course you're angry: A guide to dealing with the

emotions of substance abuseCenter City, MN: Hazelden.

Journal Article (Print)

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journalvolume number(issue number),

page numbers.

Light, M. A., & Light, I. H. (2008). The geographic expansion of Mexican immigration

in the United States and its implications for local law enforcement. Law

Enforcement Review Executive Forum Journal8(1), 73-82.

Chapter in an Edited Book (Print)

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of the book

(pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.

​Haybron, M. D. (2008). Philosophy and the science of the subjective well-being.

In M. Eid & R. J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (pp. 17-43).

New York City, NY: Guilford Press.

Newspaper Article (Print)

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Newspaper title. pp. page numbers

Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The

Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.


Author, A. A. (Year). Title of the work. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx.

Dubov, N. D. (2003). Key Jewish factsRetrieved from

Reference List Examples

Online and Audiovisual Resources


Journal Article (Online)

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journalvolume number(issue number),

page numbers. doi: or URL of the journal's home page.

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the

survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology24(2), 225-229. doi:


Encyclopedia Entry (Online)

Author, A. A. (Year). WORD. In A. A. Author (Ed.), Title of Encyclopedia (Edition).

Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx.

Graham, G. (2005). Behaviorism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of

philosophy (Fall 2007 ed.). Retrieved from

Website with an Author*

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of webpage. Website title. Retrieved

from http://www.xxxxx.

Waterman, H. (2016, March 23). On men and women's speech. JSTOR Daily.

Retrieved from

* websites with no author will omit the Author section. If no date can be found, you can put a 'n.d.'


Motion Picture

Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (Year). Title of motion

picture [Motion Picture]Country of Origin: Studio.

Feige, K. (Producer), & Abrams, J. J. (Director). (2012). The Avengers [Motion

Picture]. United States: Marvel Studios.

Song Recording

Writer, A. (Copyright year). Title of song [Recorded by B. B. Artist if different from

writer]. On Title of album [Medium of recording: CD, record, cassette, etc.].

Location: Label. (Date of recording if different from copyright date)

lang, k.d. (2008). Shadow and the frame. On Watershed [CD]. New York, NY:

Nonesuch Records.